New Hotel in Manaus
The newest addition to Brasil's hotel facilities, the Amazonas, was opened April 7th, in the city of Manaus, on the
Amazon River, a thousand miles in from the Atlantic Ocean, with Mrs. Barbara Moore Mattmann, daughter of Albert V. Moore, president of Moore-McCormack Lines, serving as sponsor.
The new hotel, which will be air-conditioned thoughout, has 49 suits, a modernistic dining room equipped to serve the delicacies
native to the Amazon area, and the facilities to give the visitor the utmost of comfort despite its location far from the beaten track of ordinary travel. Moore-McCormack Lines operates ships to Manaus twice a month.
The construction of the new hotel has aroused widespread attention in the travel world, largely because of the colorful history of
the city, once the center of Brasil's rubber industry. The opera house in its prime was especially beautiful.
In a cablegram to the management of the hotel at its formal opening Mr. Moore expressed his appreciation of the selection of his
daughter as its sponsor and added: "Establishment of this luxurious hotel is evidence of efforts of Brasilians in providing superior hotel accommodations. It will stimulate desire of many North Americans to visit Manaus,
enhancing our cordial economic and cultural relations. My sincere wishes for great success."
Mrs. Mattmann is the wife of Charles Mattmann, a member of the executive staff of Moore-McCormack Lines who was recently assigned
to the company's organization at São Paulo, Brasil. He and Mrs. Mattmann had previously spent 14 months in Buenos Aires.
Captain Spaulding Retires
The retirement of Captain Albert P. Spaulding, master of the Moore-McCormack liner Uruguay, senior master of the company’s
staff, was announced this month.
Captain Spaulding plans to devote his time to his farm at Kimberton, Pennsylvania, which he has worked as a hobby in the past
during his leaves ashore.
At the same time it was announced that Captain Howard F. Lane would succeed Captain Spaulding. Captain Lane, who took the ship in
May to South America, is a native of Boston, a graduate of Boston High School and the Massachusetts Nautical School, Class of '17.
A native of Seattle, Washington, veteran of two wars, holder of the Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal, Captain Spaulding
is one of the best known and most widely experienced skippers in all the merchant marine.
Captain Spaulding’s service with Moore-McCormack goes back to 1926 when he joined the company as master of the cargo vessel
Commercial Pilot, then operating in the company’s Mooremack Gulf service. But he had been trained in advance, in both the Army and the Navy. He became chief officer of the Army mine layer Ringgold in 1917, and master
of the mine layer Armistead the following year. He served then on several Navy ships and in 1919 joined the United States Shipping Board as master, and commanded four ships before joining the old American Republics Line
and then C. R. Nelson Company.
Captain Spaulding’s list of commands of Moore-McCormack ships is extensive, involving all of the company’s services, in the
coastwise and inter-coastal trades, South America and Scandinavia. He has commanded ships of all sizes and types for the company, including the Donald McKay, which was the first ship launched in 1939 under the provisions
of the famous Merchant Marine Act of 1936.
Captain Spaulding commanded all three of the Good Neighbor Liners—The S.S. Brazil, S.S. Uruguay and S.S. Argentina—in
the course of his career, and he was appointed master of the Uruguay in September of 1941, making one trip to South America as her master prior to the entry of the U.S. into the war.
Captain Spaulding commanded the Uruguay throughout the war, starting with her departure March 4, 1942, from New York for
Melbourne, Australia by way of the Panama Canal. On the second sailing, from San Francisco with 4,500 troops, officers and nurses, she carried the first U.S. troops to land in New Zealand during the war. In mid-Summer of 1942
his ship was assigned to the Atlantic. In October of 1942 she sailed from Gourock, Scotland, with 6,000 troops and participated in the invasion of Africa, going into Oran with her sister ships, the Brazil and the
Argentina, in line. It was on her third Atlantic crossing that the Uruguay was rammed in fantastic fashion.
This was the highlight of Captain Spaulding's seagoing experience, and resulted in the award to him of the Merchant Marine
Distinguished Service Medal. The incident occurred in 1944 when the Uruguay, a unit of a North Atlantic convoy was rammed by a tanker which was also part of the convoy. The Uruguay at the time was carrying 4,700
troops. The bow of the tanker penetrated 38 feet into the Uruguay, creating a gaping hole 70 feet wide and from her keel to her A Deck. Thirteen soldiers were killed in the crash and more than fifty injured were trapped
in the wreckage.
The almost unbelievable phase of the accident developed after the ships had been separated and the Uruguay arrived in
Bermuda for repairs. Then it was found that an Army sergeant in the Uruguay's sick bay had been lifted from his bed by the impact and tossed to the deck of the tanker. When the tanker withdrew from the Uruguay the
soldier found he had been transferred, unharmed, from one ship to the other.
The citation by President Roosevelt describes the situation as follows:
"Captain Spaulding and his First Officer, with complete disregard for their own safety, descended into the damaged area, and, with
the exercise of high courage and resourcefulness, succeeded in extricating and rescuing the injured and trapped men. This action, carried out only with the aid of flashlights, involved constant and grave danger of being washed
overboard through the gaping hole in the ship's side, injuries from the jagged edges of the torn plates of bulkheads and decks, and electrocution from exposed live wires.
"After all the injured were removed from the wreckage, a temporary bulkhead was constructed to cover the hole in the ship's side.
On one occasion, a particularly heavy sea tore out this temporary bulkhead, but a new one was quickly rebuilt. Three days after the collision, he brought his ship into a safe harbor without further casualties.
"Captain Spaulding's calm and capable handling of a situation of extreme danger undoubtedly was instrumental in the saving of many
lives, his ship, and her valuable cargo of war materiel. His courage and resourcefulness were in keeping with the finest traditions of the United States Merchant Marine."
The Uruguay then made two trips to India via Australia, and another to Australia, sailing each time from U.S. Pacific Coast
ports. Reassigned to the Atlantic, she carried troops to Europe for fifteen months, these including the Fighting 79th and the 56th Anti-Aircraft Brigade. Late in 1944 the Uruguay was selected to
carry cadets from West Point to Baltimore on an indoctrination trip, becoming the largest ship to sail to the Point or to enter the port of Baltimore.
In May of 1945, the Uruguay sailed with the first contingent of redeployment troops from Leghorn, Italy, to Manila via the
Panama Canal, and returned to San Francisco. In September of that year she sailed from San Francisco for Manila, with troops, returning to Los Angeles with the famous 38th, "Avengers of Bataan." She operated in the
Atlantic run until June 1946.
Captain Lane, the Uruguay's new master, went to sea in October 1927 as third officer of the Union Sulphur Company ship H.
D. Whiton, sailed transatlantic and intercoastal, and came to Moore-McCormack in January 1939, as first officer of the Brazil. He stayed with that ship until July 1942, served briefly as assistant port captain,
assumed command of the cargo ship Mount Evans, in August 1942, then the Mormachawk, Sweepstakes, Mormacsun, Mormacdawn.
When the Brazil returned after the war Captain Lane sailed as staff captain, was later master of the Mormacpenn,
staff captain of the Brazil. He commanded the company's tanker, the Mormacfuel, took the Brazil as master for another voyage, commanded the Mormacsea and returned to the Mormacfuel until his
recent assignment to the Uruguay for the May sailing.
He lives in Teaneck, N.J. and is the father of three children.